Although there is as yet not one universally-accepted definition of Executive Functions, . the examples below illustrate some of the common elements generally found among varying definitions.
Supervisory and self-regulatory functions that organize and direct cognitive activity, emotional response, and overt behavior.” (Gioia et al, 2002)
“The management system of the brain.” (Brown, 2006)
A set of multiple cognitive processes that act in a coordinated way to direct perception, emotion, cognition, and motor functions. (McCloskey, 2007)
Synthesis of definitions:
Executive Functions are multiple and interrelated higher level brain processes that direct how we monitor and manage our thoughts, emotions, and actions.
Team of conductors/co-conductors of a mental ability orchestra
Coaches for a mental ability football team
The dynamic interrelationships that have been described as as “Hill, Skill, and Will” are represented below.